Vision and Learning

Compassionate about every individual reaching their full potential, Dr. Marran O.D. Ph.D. works with children (and adults) with learning  challenges who never developed the visual-motor and/or visual processing skills that allows efficient and accurate intake of visual information (80% of learning comes through our visual system).  

Such skills include the ability to both sustain and change focus rapidly, to move the eyes accurately when looking from page to blackboard, and to make the precise tracking movements needed for reading. All the while, the two eyes must do this in perfect synchrony with each other.  Once visual information is acquired, it must be processed. Visual sequencing, recognition, memory, automaticity, to name a few, must occur instantaneously before the next set of information arrives.  Dr. Marran O.D. Ph.D. tests every child she sees for the basic visual-motor skills needed to be and stay school ready. If higher processing issues are suspected she tests and treats these as well.

“Each person carries his or her own doctor inside” and the best service I can provide is to help you give the doctor in you a chance to go to work. Through education and prescribed vision care solutions, you will become empowered to confidently meet the challenges you face today and tomorrow.

Here is a real example of a child's writing before and after near vision lenses were prescribed  


Click here to learn about Dsylexia

Click here to learn about the binocular anomalies seen in elementary school children identified with reading problems.

Click here for the Vision and Learning Checklist to see if you or your child may have vision related learning challenges.


Symptoms and Signs of Visual Information Processing Disorders

Visual-Spatial Dysfunction
  • Poor athletic performance
  • Difficulty with rhythmic activities
  • Lack of coordination and balance
  • Clumsy; falls and bumps into things often
  • Tendency to work with one side of the body while the other side doesn’t participate
  • Difficult learning left and right
  • Reverses letters and numbers when writing or copying
  • Writes from right to left
Visual-Analysis Dysfunction
  • Has trouble learning the alphabet, recognizing words, and learning basic mathematical concepts of size, magnitude, and position
  • Confuses likenesses and minor differences
  • Mistakes words with similar beginnings
  • Difficulty recognizing the same word repeated on a page
  • Difficulty recognizing letters or simple forms
  • Difficulty distinguishing the main idea from insignificant details
  • Overgeneralizes when classifying objects
  • Has trouble writing and remembering letters and numbers
Visual-Motor Dysfunction
  • Difficulty copying from the board
  • Sloppy drawing or writing skills
  • Poor spacing and inability to stay on lines
  • Erases excessively
  • Can respond orally but not produce answers in writing
  • Difficulty completing written assignments in allotted period of time
  • Seems to know the material but does poorly on tests
  • Difficulty writing numbers in columns for mathematical problems
Auditory-Visual Integration Dysfunction
  • Poor spelling ability
  • Difficulty learning to read phonetically
  • Difficulty relating symbols to their relevant sounds
Source: Scheiman, M., & Rouse, M. W. (2006). Optometric management of learning-related vision problems. St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier

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