7 MONTHS TO 1 YEAR
- Babbling; uses both long and short groups of sounds such as “tata upup bibibibi”
- Uses speech or noncrying sounds to get and keep attention.
- Uses gestures to communicate (waving, holding arms to be picked up).
- Imitates different speech sounds
- Can say one or two words (hi, dog, dada, mama) around first birthday, although sounds may not be clear
1 TO 2 YEARS
- Says more words every month.
- Uses some one-or two-word questions (“Where kitty?” “Go bye-bye?” “What’s that?”).
- Puts two words together (“more cookie,” “no juice,” “mommy book”).
- Uses many different consonant sounds at the beginning of words.
2 TO 3 YEARS
- Has a word for almost everything.
- Uses two or three words to talk about and ask for things.
- Uses k, g, f, t, d, and n sounds.
- Speech is understood by familiar listeners most of the time.
- Often asks for or directs attention to objects by naming them.
3 TO 4 YEARS
- Talks about activities at school or at friend’s homes.
- People outside of the family usually understand child’s speech.
- Uses a lot of sentences that have four or more words. Usually talks easily without repeating syllables or words.
4 TO 5 YEARS
- Uses sentences that give lots of details (“The biggest peach is mine”).
- Tells stories that stick to topic.
- Communicates easily with other children and adults.
- Says most sounds correctly except a few like I, s, r, v, z, ch, sh, th.
- Says rhyming words.
- Names some letters and numbers.
- Uses the same grammar as the rest of the family.
Source: American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA)